316L Stainless Steel Seamless Pipes & Tubes Grades
Type 316L is the low carbon version of 316 stainless. With the addition of molybdenum, the steel is popular for use in severe corrosion environments due to the materials immunity from boundary carbide precipitation (sensitisation).
Size : 1/8"NB TO 42"NB INSchedule: SCH 10, SCH20, SCH30, SCH40, STD, SCH60, XS, SCH80, SCH120, SCH140, SCH160, XXS
Benefits of using Type 316L Stainless Steel
316 & 316L steel plate and pipes have common properties and are often stocked with Dual Certification, where it is determined that both have properties and composition which comply with both steel types.
Type 316H is excluded from this scenario by virtue of the fact that unlike 316 & 316L, 316H is engineered to work in elevated working temperatures.
Specifications: ASTM A/ASME SA213/A249/A269/A312/A358 CL. I to V ASTM A789/A790
Sizes (Seamless): 1/2" NB - 24" NB
Sizes (ERW): 1/2" NB - 24" NB
Sizes (EFW): 6" NB - 100" NB
Wall Thickness available:
Schedule 5S - Schedule XXS (heavier on request)
Other Materials Testing:
NACE MR0175, H2 SERVICE, OXYGEN SERVICE, CRYO SERVICE, etc.
All Pipes is manufactured and inspected/tested to the relevant standards including ASTM, ASME and API etc.
Background of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes
Grade 316L, the low carbon version of 316 and is immune from sensitisation (grain boundary carbide precipitation). Thus it is extensively used in heavy gauge welded components (over about 6mm). Grade 316H, with its higher carbon content has application at elevated temperatures, as does stabilised grade 316Ti.
The austenitic structure also gives these grades excellent toughness, even down to cryogenic temperatures.
Composition of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes
Table 1. Composition ranges for 316 grade of stainless steels.
Mechanical Properties of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and TubesTable 2. Mechanical properties of 316 grade stainless steels.
(% in 50mm) min
|Rockwell B (HR B) max||Brinell (HB) max|
Note: 316H also has a requirement for a grain size of ASTM no. 7 or coarser.
Physical Properties of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes
|Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C)||Thermal Conductivity
|Specific Heat 0-1000C
|0-1000C||0-3150C||0-5380C||At 1000C||At 5000C|
Grade Specification Comparison of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and TubesTable 4. Grade specifications for 316 grade stainless steels.
Note: These comparisons are approximate only. The list is intended as a comparison of functionally similar materials not as a schedule of contractual equivalents. If exact equivalents are needed original specifications must be consulted.
Corrosion Resistance of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes
Excellent in a range of atmospheric environments and many corrosive media - generally more resistant than 304. Subject to pitting and crevice corrosion in warm chloride environments, and to stress corrosion cracking above about 600C. Considered resistant to potable water with up to about 1000mg/L chlorides at ambient temperatures, reducing to about 500mg/L at 600C.
316 is usually regarded as the standard “marine grade stainless steel", but it is not resistant to warm sea water. In many marine environments 316 does exhibit surface corrosion, usually visible as brown staining. This is particularly associated with crevices and rough surface finish.
Heat Treatment of 316L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes
Solution Treatment (Annealing) - Heat to 1010-11200C and cool rapidly. These grades cannot be hardened by thermal treatment.