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317L Stainless Steel Pipe, 317L Stainless Steel Seamless Tube

317l seamless pipe manufacturers in India, 317l SS tubing exporter in India, 317l stainless steel Square Tube distributor in Mumbai

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317L Stainless Steel Seamless Pipes and Tubes

ASTM A/ASME SA213/A249/A269/A312/A358 CL. I to V ASTM A789/A790 TP 317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes

Alloy 317L (UNS S31703) is a molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steel with greatly increased resistance to chemical attack as compared to the conventional chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels such as Alloy 304. In addition,

Size : 1/8"NB TO 42"NB IN

Schedule: SCH 10, SCH20, SCH30, SCH40, STD, SCH60, XS, SCH80, SCH120, SCH140, SCH160, XXS
Type
: Seamless / ERW / Welded / Fabricated / LSAW Pipes
Form
: Round, Square, Rectangular, Hydraulic Etc.
Length
: Single Random, Double Random & Cut Length.
End
: Plain End, Beveled End, Treaded. 

 

317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Product Range
317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Specifications: ASTM A/ASME SA 312/269/213/358 317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (Seamless): 1/2" NB - 8" NB
317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (ERW): 1/2" NB - 24" NB
317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (EFW): 6" NB - 100" NB  
317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Wall Thickness available:
Schedule 5S - Schedule XXS (heavier on request)

317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Other Materials Testing:

NACE MR0175, H2 SERVICE, OXYGEN SERVICE, CRYO SERVICE, etc.

317L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Dimensions:
 All Pipes is manufactured and inspected/tested to the relevant standards including ASTM, ASME and API etc.


General Properties
Alloy 317LMN and 317L are molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steels with greatly increased resistance to chemical attack as compared to the conventional chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels such as Alloy 304. In addition, 317LMN and 317L alloys offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture, and tensile strengths at elevated temperatures than conventional stainless steels. All are low carbon or "L" grades to provide resistance to sensitization during welding and other thermal processes. The "M" and "N" designations indicate that the compositions contain increased levels of molybdenum and nitrogen respectively. The combination of molybdenum and nitrogen is particularly effective in enhancing resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion, especially in process streams containing acids, chlorides, and sulfur compounds at elevated temperatures. Nitrogen also serves to increase the strength of these alloys. Both alloys are intended for severe service conditions such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems.
Composition


Chemical Composition in Weight Percent
per ASTM A240 for Cited Alloys

Element

Type 317L

Type 317LMN

Carbon

0.03 max

0.03 max

Manganese

2.00

2.00

Silicon

0.75 max

0.75 max

Chromium

18.00 - 20.00

17.00 - 20.00

Nickel

11.00 - 15.00

13.50 - 17.50

Molybdenum

3.00 - 4.00

4.00 - 5.00

Phosphorus

0.04 max

0.04 max

Sulfur

0.03 max

0.03 max

Nitrogen

0.10 max

0.10 - 0.20

Iron

Balance

Balance

UNS No.

S31703

S31726

Resistance to Corrosion
Alloys 317L and 317LMN stainless steels are more resistant to atmospheric and other mild types of corrosion than conventional chromium-nickel stainless steels. In general, environments that are not corrosive to 18Cr-8Ni steels will not attack alloys containing molybdenum, with the exception of highly oxidizing acids such as nitric acid.
Alloys 317LMN and 317L stainless steels are considerably more resistant than conventional chromium-nickel types to solutions of sulfuric acid. Resistance increases with alloy molybdenum content. These alloys are resistant to sulfuric acid concentrations up to 5 percent at temperatures as high as 120°F (49°C). At temperatures under 100°F (38°C) these alloys have excellent resistance to solutions of higher concentration. However, service tests are recommended to account for the affects of specific operating conditions that may affect corrosion behavior. In processes where condensation of sulfur-bearing gases occurs, these alloys are much more resistant to attack at the point of condensation than conventional Alloy 316. The acid concentration has a marked influence on the rate of attack in such environments and should be carefully determined by service tests.
The table below compares the corrosion resistance of annealed strip samples of 317LMN and 317L stainless steels in a variety of solutions related to the process industries as well as standard ASTM tests. Data on Alloy 316L and Alloy 276 are presented for comparison.


Corrosion Resistance in Boiling Solutions and ASTM Tests

Test
Solution

Corrosion Rate in Mils per Year (mm/y)
for Cited Alloys

Alloy
316L

Alloy
317L

Alloy
317LMN

Alloy
276

20%
Acetic Acid

0.12
(<0.01)

0.48
(0.01)

0.12
(<0.01)

0.48
(0.01)

45%
Formic Acid

23.41
(0.60)

18.37
(0.47)

11.76
(0.30)

2.76
(0.07)

10%
Oxalic Acid

48.03
(1.23)

44.90
(1.14)

35.76
(0.91)

11.24
(0.28)

20%
Phosphoric
Acid

0.06
(0.02)

0.72
(0.02)

0.24
(<0.01)

0.36
(0.01)

10%
Sulfuric Acid

635.7
(16.15)

298.28
(7.58)

157.80
(4.01)

13.93
(0.35)

10%
Sodium
Bisulfate

71.57
(1.82)

55.76
(1.42)

15.60
(0.40)

2.64
(0.07)

50%
Sodium
Hydroxide

77.69
(1.92)

32.78
(0.83)

85.68
(2.18)

17.77
(0.45)

ASTM A262
Practice B
(FeSO4H2SO4)

26.04
(0.66)

20.76
(0.53)

17.28
(0.44)

264.5
(6.72)

ASTM A262
Practice C
(65% HNO3)

22.31
(0.56)

19.68
(0.50)

16.32
(0.42)

908.0
(23.06)

ASTM A262
Practice E
(Cu•CUSO4•H2SO4)

Pass

Pass

Pass

Pass

The low carbon (less than 0.03%) of these alloys effectively prevents sensitization to intergranular corrosion during thermal processes such as welding or forging. The higher chromium contents of 317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels also provide superior resistance to intergranular attack. It should be noted that prolonged exposure in the range 800 to 1400°F (427-816°C) can be detrimental to intergranular corrosion resistance and may also cause embrittlement due to precipitation of sigma phase. The higher nitrogen content of the 317LMN alloy retards the precipitation of sigma phase as well as carbides.


Pitting Resistance Equivalents

Alloy

PRE

Alloy 316

25

Alloy 317L

30

Alloy 317LMN

38

Alloy 625

52

Alloy C276

69

High molybdenum and nitrogen contents can significantly improve pitting resistance as illustrated in the preceding table of Pitting Resistance Equivalents (PRE). The PRE is based on the results of corrosion tests in which it was found that nitrogen was 30 times more effective than chromium and approximately 9 times more effective than molybdenum in enhancing chloride pitting resistance. Visit www.siddhagiri.net for information. The temperature of the onset of crevice corrosion as determined in a modified AST G-48B test is a useful means of ranking the relative resistance of stainless and nickel-base alloys. The Critical Crevice Corrosion Temperatures table that follows demonstrates that crevice corrosion resistance for austenitic stainless steels increases with the alloy’s molybdenum and nitrogen content.


Crevice Corrosion in a Simulated
FGD System Environment

Alloy

Weight Loss (g/cm2)
for Tests* at Cited Temperatures

24°C
(75°F)

50°C
(122°F)

70°C
(158°F)

Alloy 317L

0.0007

0.0377

0.0500

Alloy 317LMN

0.0000

0.0129

0.0462

Alloy 625

0.0000

0.0000

0.0149

Alloy C276

0.0000

0.0001

0.0004

*72-hour exposure based on ASTM G-48B procedure using the following solution:
7 vol.%H2SO4, 3 vol%HCI, 1 wt% CuCl2, 1 wt%FeCl3
Oxidation Resistance
The chromium-nickel-molybdenum steels all have excellent resistance to oxidation and a low rate of scaling in ordinary atmospheres at temperatures up to 1600-1650°F (871-899°C).
Fabrication
The physical and mechanical properties of 317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels are similar to those of more conventional austenitic stainless steels and can, therefore, be fabricated in a manner similar to Alloys 304 and 316.
Heat Treatment
Forging
The recommended initial temperature range is 2100-2200°F (1150-1205°C) with a finishing range of 1700-1750°F (927-955°C).
Annealing
317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels can be annealed in the temperature range 1975-2150°F (1080-1175°C) followed by an air cool or water quench, depending on thickness. Plates should be annealed between 2100°F (1150°C) and 2150°F (1175°C). The metal should be cooled from the annealing temperature (from red/white to black) in less than three minutes.
Hardenability
These grades are not hardenable by heat treatment.
The use of an overalloyed filler is suggested to maintain corrosion resistance in the as-welded condition. Filler metals containing at least 6% molybdenum are suggested for welding Alloy 317L and a filler metal with at least 8% molybdenum, such as Alloy 625, is suggested for 317LMN. In applications where it is not possible to use an overalloyed filler metal or to perform a post-weld anneal and pickle treatment, the severity of the service environment should be carefully considered to determine if the properties of autogenous welds (weld made without a filler) are satisfactory. The optimum corrosion resistance of autogenously welded 317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels is obtained by post-weld annealing and pickling. ASTM A-380 “Recommended Practice for Descaling and Cleaning Steel Surfaces” is suggested for more information.
Mechanical Properties 
The ASTM specified minimum tensile properties and maximum hardness for annealed plate, sheet, and strip products are shown in the following table.


Minimum Mechanical Properties per
ASTM A-240 for Cited Alloys

Property

Alloy 317L

Alloy 317LMN

Ultimate Tensile Strength, ksi (MPa)

75
(515)

80
(550)

0.2% Yield Strength, ksi (MPa)

30
(205)

35
(240)

% Elongation in 2″ (5.1 cm)

40

40

Hardness, Maximum

217BHN

-

UNS No.

S31703

S31726

Physical Properties
The physical property data which follows represent the iron-chromium-nickel-molybdenum class of stainless steels. For all practical purposes, the data are applicable to 317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels. All properties are at room temperature (68°F, 20°C) unless stated otherwise.


Density

0.29
8.0

lb/in3
g/cm3

Modulus of Elasticity

29•106
200

psi
Gpa

Melting Range

2410 to 2550
1320 to 1400

° F
°C

Thermal Conductivity
    68 to 212°F
    20 to 100°C

100.8
14.6

Btu/ft2-hr-°F-in
Watts/m- K

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
77°F (25°C) to:    
    212°F (100°C)
    932°F (500°C)
    1832°F (1000°C)

9.2 (16.5)
10.1 (18.2)
10.8 (19.5)

10-6/°F (10-6/°C)
10-6/°F (10-6/°C)
10-6/°F (10-6/°C)

Specific Heat

0.11
0.46

Btu/lb-°F
J/g-°K

Electrical Resistivity

31.1
0.79

µ-ohm-in
µ-ohm-in

Magnetic Permeability
    Fully annealed
    0.5" plate
    65% cold-worked     0.5" plate

1.0028
1.0028

µ at H = 200 oe
µ at H = 200 oe